Teacher Toolbox
Learning Strategies - Overview


Children with special needs may exhibit difficulties with the processes required to process, store, and retrieve information from the memory system. 

Research has indicated that certain disorders effect the child’s ability to encode information for additional processing in the memory system.  Students with fetal alcohol effects, for example, may have difficulties simultaneously processing information in the memory system.  Due to difficulties with intake, information may not be stored effectively in long term memory for future use.

Memory Difficulties

  • Difficulties retaining new information

  • Limited use of  semantic and spatial association to help with storage

  • Inconsistent locating and retrieving prior knowledge

  • Inability to connect new information to prior knowledge to form new concepts

Memory is an integrated system that utilizes a multitude of senses to gather new data, process the information to create ideas, and store the relevant information for future use.  Difficulties with memory may impede the student's efficiency with learning. However, with developmentally appropriate expectations, a carefully designed curriculum, a predictable and safe learning environment, and with a stable and supportive family or caregivers, the child with these learning difficulties can accomplish their goals.