|Learning Strategies - Reading
Efficient letter recognition is a necessary early literacy skill. Research has indicated that young children who demonstrate difficulties with letter recognition often struggle to learn to read as they progress in school.
| Letter Recognition
Young children need to develop the insight that sounds are represented by a letter or by letter combinations in text.
- When introducing letters, begin with
the most common. Try to sequence
introduction of letters or patterns that do
not look alike or sound similar to avoid confusion.
For example, do not introduce /f/ and /th/ together.
- Play matching games and concentration games to match letters and combinations.
Play Go Fish for Letters.
On separate index cards, write a capital letter
and its lower case match on another card. The
players take turns asking if the other players
have the match for a letter in their hand.
Keep playing until all the upper case and lower
case letters have been matched. This
game can be played with sounds and encourages
sound to letter matches. For
example, one player will ask for the /b/ sound
and the other play will hand the player the
letter b. Players need to be able to understand
that some sounds like /c/ and /g/ make the same
sound as other letters. Rules regarding the
sounds need to be established before the game
starts and will depend on the level of the players.
- Have children sort words that begin
or end with a particular letter.
This will help children learn to scan the word
and categorize words according to a rule.
- Have a letter of the week and encourage children to locate words that
have that beginning or ending letter. Have letter
'show and tell' where students bring in an object
that they have found that begins with a targeted