|Learning Strategies - Reading
To be fluent readers, children need to develop
efficient word attack and have an adequate sight word base.
Some children struggle to synthesize the skills required to
read at an appropriate pace.
They may be able to decode words
when reading lists or words in isolation, but struggle with
reading text. This interferes with reading comprehension.
It is important that children develop the efficient decoding
skills needed to read fluently.
|Activities to Support Reading Fluency
- Provide opportunities for repeated
readings. Have children re-read short
sections or stories to practice with pacing.
Select a book below the student’s independent
reading level. This will remove the child’s
need to process and to decode new words and
will direct his or her focus to the rhythm of
the speech. Have the child read using different
tones and pitches to vary the exercise and to
explore how mood relates to the voice.
- Have children chase the instructor
as they read. First the teacher reads
the section out loud while the student listens
to the way it was read. Then the child reads
the section out loud. Next the teacher reads
and the child verbally chases the teacher reading. The
teacher needs to set the pacing. Typically,
the child will remain one or two words behind
the teacher. After the teacher and the child
finish, the student reads the section orally
again. Discuss with the child how their reading
sounded after they practiced reading with the
- Provide time in the classroom for
the children to explore a variety of books. When helping a student to select a
book for independent reading, have the student
read a page out loud from the book. If the student
makes five or more reading errors, then the
book is too difficult. Guide the student to
make another selection.
- Timed readings at an independent reading
level can be used to help track a child’s
reading fluency. Fluent readers by the age of
12 need to have a read rate of greater than
100 words per minute when reading at their independent